The Living Lab
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Materials and Manufacturing
Zero emissions will drive a rapid transition in material requirements. Significant reduction in demand for some ores and minerals, particularly those associated with steel and cement, are likely along with a rapid expansion of demand for materials associated with electrification. There will be opportunities for consolidation in the currently diffused businesses of secondary material collection, processing, inventory and supply… Read more
All new builds should be to zero energy standards of use. The impacts of construction are primarily about the use of materials: primarily steel and cement. By 2050, we will have only very limited cementitious material and will use only recycled steel, but there are myriad opportunities for radical reductions in the amount of material used in each construction… Read more
Rail: The great efficiency of electric rail travel suggests a significant expansion in this area, domestically and internationally, is likely and would see high demand.
Road vehicles: The transition to electric cars is already well under-way, and with increasing demand, costs will presumably fall.
International freight & Aviation: We currently have no non-emitting freight ships, so there is an urgent need for exploration of means to electrify ship power, and options to transfer to electric rail…. Read more
Food and Agriculture
Agricultural emissions arise primarily from ruminant animals – in particular cows and sheep – which digest grass in the first of their two stomachs in a process that releases methane and from land-use change… Read more